The IRS released proposed regulations that nullify the rule regarding allocation of amounts distributed out of designated Roth accounts to multiple destinations. Under the current rule, a distribution from a designated Roth account in a direct rollover is treated as a separate distribution from any amount paid directly to the participant. The proposed regulations eliminate this rule for distributions made on or after January 1, 2015 (or on an earlier date chosen by the participant that is on or after September 18, 2014). The proposed regulations were issued concurrently with Notice 2014-54, which permits plan participants to allocate after-tax and pre-tax amounts among multiple destinations when the funds are simultaneously dispersed from a qualified retirement plan.?á The proposed regulations can be found?áhere. ?áA copy of IRS Notice 2014-54 is available here.
Final regulations were issued relating to defined benefit plans that use a lump-sum based benefit formula, including cash balance plans, pension equity plans, and other hybrid retirement plans. The regulations provide guidance with respect to certain issues regarding minimum vesting standards and accrual requirements that were not addressed in the 2010 regulations and make certain changes to such requirements. Such changes include extending the relief provided to pension equity plans to include a benefit formula that is expressed as a current single-sum dollar amount equal to a percentage of the participant?ÇÖs highest average compensation. A hybrid plan satisfies the prohibition on age discrimination only if the plan does not credit interest at a rate that is greater than a market rate of return. One notable change includes expanding the list of rates that satisfy this market rate of return requirement and allowing for the list of permitted rates to be… Continue Reading
As discussed above, the final regulations provided additional guidance on the requirement that a hybrid defined benefit plan not provide for interest credits at an effective rate that is greater than a market rate of return. Proposed regulations were also issued that permit a hybrid defined benefit plan that does not currently satisfy this requirement to satisfy the requirement by changing the specific portions of interest crediting rates that are not consistent with the final regulations to permitted interest crediting rates without violating the anti-cutback rules under ERISA. Comments on the proposed regulations must be received by December 18, 2014, and a public hearing is scheduled for January 9, 2015.?á The proposed regulations can be found?áhere.
In Notice 2014-49, the IRS provided guidance for determining if an employee is a full-time employee for purposes of the Affordable Care Act in situations where the measurement period applicable to the employee changes. The change may occur because the employee transfers from a position in which one measurement period applies to a position in which a different measurement period applies within the same large employer. The Notice also provides guidance in the event of corporate transactions such as mergers and acquisitions in which the employers use different measurement periods. Treasury and the IRS anticipate issuing further guidance. Taxpayers may rely on the Notice until such guidance is issued, and in any case, through the end of calendar year 2016.?á?áA copy of IRS Notice 2014-49 can be found here.
In Notice 2014-55, the IRS added two situations in which a cafeteria plan participant may elect to discontinue coverage under the employer?ÇÖs group health plan (the ?Ç£Employer Plan?Ç¥) to obtain coverage on an exchange established under Section 1311 of the Affordable Care Act (the ?Ç£Exchange?Ç¥). In the first situation, the participant?ÇÖs hours of service are reduced such that the participant is expected to work less than 30 hours per week, but will remain eligible for participation in the Employer Plan. In that case, the participant may terminate coverage in the Employer Plan so long as he obtains coverage on the Exchange starting no later than the first day of the second month following the month in which the Employer Plan coverage is terminated. In the second situation, a participant may terminate coverage in the Employer Plan to obtain coverage through the Exchange with no overlap or gaps in coverage.?á A… Continue Reading
The Internal Revenue Code imposes a fee to help fund the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (?Ç£PCORI?Ç¥). The PCORI fee is calculated using the average number of lives covered under the policy or plan and the applicable annual dollar amount. The applicable dollar amount for plan years ending from October 1, 2013 through September 30, 2014 is $2. IRS Notice 2014-56 provides that the applicable dollar amount will increase to $2.08 for the next plan year (ending from October 1, 2014 through September 30, 2015).?á A copy of IRS Notice 2014-56 can be found here.