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Upcoming Deadlines: Annual Reporting and IRS Filings for ISO Exercises and ESPP Stock Transfers

Employers sponsoring equity incentive plans or tax-qualified employee stock purchase plans (“ESPP”) must fulfill certain year-end information reporting requirements under Section 6039 of the Code with respect to company stock that is either (i) issued to current or former employees upon exercise of an incentive stock option (“ISO”), or (ii) transferred under an ESPP.  The two IRS forms used to satisfy those requirements are: Form 3921, which is required when an individual exercises an ISO. Form 3922, which is required when an individual acquires stock under an ESPP when either the purchase price of the shares (i) was less than the stock’s fair market value on the date of grant, or (ii) was not fixed or determinable on the date of grant. For ISO exercises and ESPP transfers occurring in the 2021 calendar year, employers should file Copy A of the applicable forms with the IRS no later than February… Continue Reading

Equity Awards Granted to U.S. Participants by Non-U.S. Entities Can Lead to Unintended Consequences

Because of the various benefits, securities, and tax laws that apply to equity awards, what may be permissible (and even commonplace) in one jurisdiction, may be problematic in another. Accordingly, whenever an issuer desires to issue equity awards to service providers (e.g., employees or contractors) in a different jurisdiction, the issuer should engage benefits, securities, and tax counsel in all relevant jurisdictions early in the process to avoid any unanticipated issues that could negatively impact the value or purpose of the awards. For example, a common issue occurs when the issuer is an entity outside of the United States, but equity awards will also be made to service providers in the United States. Under U.S. tax law, there are specific requirements for determining the exercise price of stock options and stock appreciation rights (under Section 409A of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code (?Ç£Section 409A?Ç¥)) that require the exercise price to… Continue Reading

Reminder of Annual Reporting and IRS Filing for ISO Exercises and ESPP Stock Transfers

This is a reminder for sponsors of equity incentive plans and tax-qualified ?Ç£employee stock purchase plans?Ç¥ (?Ç£ESPPs?Ç¥) of their year-end information reporting requirements under Section 6039 of the Internal Revenue Code with respect to stock issued to employees or former employees upon the exercise of ?Ç£incentive stock options?Ç¥ (?Ç£ISO?Ç¥) or transferred under an ESPP. The IRS has issued two forms that companies must use to satisfy the return and information statement requirements: (i) Form 3921, which is required when an employee (or former employee) exercises an ISO, and (ii) Form 3922, which is required when a company records the first transfer of legal title of shares acquired under an ESPP when either (a) the purchase price of the shares was less than the stock?ÇÖs fair market value on the date of grant or (b) the purchase price of the shares was not fixed or determinable on the date of grant.… Continue Reading

Eligible Recipients of Incentive Stock Options

Granting ?Ç£incentive stock options?Ç¥ qualifying under Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code (?Ç£ISOs?Ç¥) can often result in more favorable tax treatment to the recipient, provided that the recipient holds the option and the optioned shares for the required period of time. When granting ISOs, it is important to make sure that the plan document and administrative procedures only permit such options to be granted to eligible recipients. For purposes of ISOs, eligible recipients are limited to employees of a granting corporation (or its subsidiaries that are corporations). Independent contractors, non-employee directors, and employees of entities that are not corporations for tax purposes are ineligible to receive ISOs.

September 2022
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